PLACING A CHILD FOR ADOPTION
If you are considering placing your child for adoption please call us at 416.969.8510.
If you are pregnant or have a child and you are considering placing your child for adoption, Native Child and Family Services can help you explore all the alternatives. We can provide support and counselling to both parents during the pregnancy and after the birth. If adoption is chosen, we will find the most suitable permanent home for the child.
What happens if I decide to give up my child for adoption?
When parents decide to place their child for adoption, they must sign a consent for adoption. This consent cannot be given until the child is eight days old.
If only one parent is available to sign a consent for adoption, it is our practice to pursue a voluntary Crown Wardship order, to ensure a child can legally be placed for adoption. There is a 30-day appeal period, after a Crown Wardship order is made. Provided there is no appeal launched within 30 days the child is then free to be placed in an adoptive home. Birth parents can reduce unnecessary delays in adoption finalizations by providing a copy of the child’s birth certificate or birth registration. If the birth was never registered the agency will assist the birth parent in getting the birth registered.
A child being placed for adoption who is seven years of age or older must also give written consent. Consent given by either the parent or child (if the child is seven years or older) may be withdrawn within 21 days after the consent is given.
What if the birth father does not wish to be involved?
We cannot force the involvement of the birth father, but we do make every effort to involve both parents in planning for their child and in signing consent for adoption. It is important to remember that both birth parents can provide vital information about the child that no one else would know. This can include accurate health and social history information for the child. It is in the child’s best interest to have as much information as possible about both birth parents.
Do I have any say about the family who is adopting my child?
Prior to the adoption, the birth parent(s) may provide input about the kind of family they would like for their child. The values, lifestyle, education, cultural heritage and other characteristics that are important to the birth parents are considered carefully when choosing the child's adoptive parents. Recently there has been a move to create more openness between adopting families and birth families. The degree of openness a child needs, a birth parent wants, or an adopting family can accept, is carefully examined early in the adoption process. It could range from a photo and/or a letter to go with the child upon adoption, to visits between birth parents and children.
Native Child and Family Services of Toronto encourages birth parent(s) to be involved in the planning process to the extent that they wish. This might include one or more of the following:
Through the expression of hopes and preferences for their child or particular quantities they would seek in an adoptive family
By meeting the prospective adoptive parents to exchange wishes for and feelings about the child;
With the agreement of the birth parents and adoptive family, Native Child and Family Services may act as an intermediary for the annual exchange of non-identifying information such as letters;
Through the provision of gifts, letters or mementoes for the child at the time of adoption placement.
What am I entitled to know about the family who is adopting my child?
Birth parents are entitled to non-identifying information about the adoptive family. Sometimes adoptions are much more open and an agreement may be made that pictures and letters would be exchanged over the years. Some families may agree to ongoing visits. No names or addresses are exchanged without everyone's permission.
My child is a crown ward. How does this affect the adoption?
A crown ward cannot be placed in an adoptive home until any outstanding access order made under child protection proceedings has been terminated by court order, the time permitted for appeal of the Crown Wardship order has fully expired and any appeal of that order has concluded with a decision that has left the order intact. In cases of Crown ward adoptions, written consent to the adoption is necessary from the children's aid society and the child to be adopted, if that child is seven years of age or older.
Can I receive payment or a reward from the family who adopts my child?
No. It is a criminal offence to accept payment or a reward for an adoption placement.
Am I entitled to know when the adoption is completed?
Yes, this is your right. Tell your adoption worker that you would like to be informed when the adoption has been completed.